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Detection of butter adulteration with lard using differential scanning calorimetry

Ahmad Fadzlillah, Nurrrulhidayah and Rosman, Arieff Salleh and Abdul , Rohman and Ismail , Amin and Shuhaimi, Mustafa and Khatib, Alfi (2015) Detection of butter adulteration with lard using differential scanning calorimetry. International Food Research Journal, 22 (2). pp. 832-839. ISSN 1985-4668 E-ISSN 2231-7546

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Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) is developed and used for detection of butter adulteration with lard. Butter has the similar characteristics to lard makes lard a desirable adulterant in butter. DSC provides unique thermal profiling for lard and butter. In the heating thermogram of the mixture, there was one major endothermic peak (peak A) with a smaller shoulder peak embedded in the major peak that gradually smoothed out to the major peak as the lard percent increased. In the cooling thermogram, there were one minor peak (peak B) and two major exothermic peaks, peak C which increased as lard percent increased and peak D which decreased in size as the lard percent increased. From Stepwise Multiple Linear Regression (SMLR) analysis, two independent variables were found to be able to predict lard percent adulteration in butter with R2 (adjusted) of 95.82. The SMLR equation of lard percent adulteration in butter is 293.1 - 11.36 (Te A) - 2.17 (Tr D); where Te A is the endset of peak A and Tr D is the range of thermal transition for peak D. These parameters can serve as a good measurement parameter in detecting lard adulteration in butter. DSC is a very useful means for halal screening technique to enhance the authenticity of Halal process.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6915/45221
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adulteration, Lard, Butter, Halal, Differential Scanning calorimetry
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART)
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr. Alfi Khatib
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2015 16:08
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2020 14:34
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/45221

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