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Ocean thermal energy conversion: the promise of a clean future

Hossain, A. and Noor Azmi, Azran Azhim and Jaafar, A. B. and Musa, M. N. and Zaki, S. A. and D. , Noor Fazreen (2013) Ocean thermal energy conversion: the promise of a clean future. In: 2013 IEEE Conference on Clean Energy and Technology (CEAT), 18-20 November 2013, Langkawi.

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Due to the world’s heavy dependence on fossil fuels for electricity, pollution and global warming is on the rise. However, numerous countries are still relying on diesel generators as their main source of energy. There is a lack of practical alternative energy source that can meet the global energy demand without posing any threat to the natural environment. Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC) is a concept that has the potential to address this growing issue. It is basically a mechanism that exploits the temperature difference between warm surface seawater and cold deep ocean water, to produce electricity. Although OTEC has a low energy density, the thermal energy in the ocean is vastly abundant. OTEC development has been dormant for a long time since it was first proposed in 1881. However, it has now regained recognition worldwide as a realistic solution to our world energy issue. Instead of having a great potential for power generation, it also carries the ability to produce high value products from the large volume of Deep Sea Water (DSW) that can be released as by-products of OTEC plant operation. These products can hold a very profitable place in industries such as pharmaceutical, food, cosmetics and mineral water production. Further research on ocean current and DSW properties can someday lead to the commercial used of OTEC. This paper is a review of the basic concept, present status and future prospects of OTEC around the world.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Full Paper)
Additional Information: 7380/44029 (ISBN: 978-1-4799-3237-5, DOI: 10.1109/CEAT.2013.6775593)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion; Renewable Energy; Clean Energy; Deep Sea Water
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > TJ807 Renewable energy sources
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Biotechnology
Depositing User: Ir Dr Azran Azhim Noor Azmi
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2015 14:17
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2015 14:17
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/44029

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