IIUM Repository

Effects of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) fruit extracts on insulin secretion from BRIN BD11 cells

Sharif, Faez and Hamid, Muhajir and Ismail, Amin and Adam, Zainah (2015) Effects of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) fruit extracts on insulin secretion from BRIN BD11 cells. Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 21 (1). pp. 75-82. ISSN 1394-035X

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (422kB) | Request a copy


Diabetes has been one of the top ten causes of death in Malaysia. Recently, the oil palm Elaeis guineensis has been explored in several antidiabetic studies. Nevertheless, the oil palm fruit has never been investigated for its antidiabetic effect. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the antidiabetic properties of oil palm fruit which specifically focusing on its effects in stimulating insulin secretion from pancreatic ß cell. The insulinotropic activity of oil palm fruit aqueous extract (OPF) on clonal pancreatic ß cell line was investigated using BRIN BD11 cell line. The cell lines were incubated with different concentrations of OPF to evaluate the stimulatory effect of OPF toward insulin secretion from BRIN BD11 cells using the Rat Insulin ELISA Assay Kits. OPF (100-1000µg/ml) were shown to significantly induce insulin secretion by a multiple of 1.97-2.58 in the BRIN BD11 cells. The highest insulin secretion increase (2.58-fold, p<0.001) was induced by 500 µg/ml in the OPF treated group. Evaluation of the possible mechanisms involved suggested that the mechanisms of insulin secreting activity of the 500 µg/ml OPF extract may involve the K+ATP channel-dependent pathway which exerts an insulin secretion effect through depolarizing the membrane of pancreatic-ß cells. The present study has revealed the presence of insulinotropic activity in Elaeis guineensis fruit. Future work assessing its use as a source of active components may provide new opportunities for the treatment of diabetes which are safe, efficient and exert a lesser amount of side effects.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7129/43309
Uncontrolled Keywords: Elaeis guineensis, hypoglycaemic, insulin, insulinotropic, oil palm fruit extract
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Biotechnology
Depositing User: MOHD FAEZ SHARIF
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2015 14:50
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2017 12:02
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/43309

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year