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Nicotine dependency of adult male smokers and it’s socio-economic determinants

Swe, Swe Latt and Mohd Rus, Razman and Ab Rahman, Jamalludin and Nasreen, Hashima E and Phyu, Htike Myat and Abd. Aziz, Karimah Hanim (2015) Nicotine dependency of adult male smokers and it’s socio-economic determinants. In: 18th Family Medicine Scientific Conference 2015, 13-16 May 2015, Kuala Terengganu. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Most smokers become dependent both physically and psychologically within a few years of daily smoking because of its major chemical component of nicotine in tobacco. Nicotine dependence is occurred at any time which affects on successful smoking cessation. The aim of the study was to measure the prevalence of nicotine dependence (ND) among adult male smokers and influences of socio-economic characteristics on it. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 297 adult males participants with aged ≥18 years and who were recruited purposively from the house-holds which were selected using simple random sampling at FELDA Bukit Goh, Kuantan, Pahang in February 2015. Smoking and nicotine dependence status of the participants were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire in which consisted of modified smoking and tobacco use questions used in National Health Interview Survey and validated Malay version of Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND-M) assessment questionnaires. Fishers’ exact test, ANOVA and median test were applied to infer association between nicotine dependency and socio-economic (SE) variables (age, education, occupation, income and marital status). RESULTS: In the study, 61.3% (182 /297) was current smokers. Among them, the prevalence of low, moderate and high nicotine dependence level were 76.4% (139 /182), 22.5 % (41 /182) and 1.1% (2/182) respectively. The smokers aged 31-40 years old with secondary education, self employed, moderate monthly family income (1000-3000 RM) and married person were lower ND; however, these findings were no statistically significant when a cross analysis and comparing mean or median ND score among different SE background. CONCLUSIONS: High prevalence of low nicotine dependency is a favorable condition to obtain successful smoking cessation among the adult male smokers. No significant socio-economic determinants on level of ND indicated that level of ND should be assessed before engaging in the quit smoking program to provide tailored NRT.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 7026/43124
Uncontrolled Keywords: smokers, nicotine dependency, adult males, socio-economic determinants, Kuantan
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Community Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Depositing User: Dr Swe Swe Latt
Date Deposited: 26 May 2015 11:50
Last Modified: 22 May 2018 12:00
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/43124

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