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Cell and tissue culture: an overview

Abdull Rasad, Mohammad Syaiful Bahari and Mat Alewi, Nur Azura and Ahmad, Rahmatul Wahidah (2013) Cell and tissue culture: an overview. In: Cell and tissue culture: research and technology from Islamic perspective. IIUM Press, Kuala Lumpur, pp. 23-52. ISBN 978-967-418-269-4

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Abstract

Introduction This book, Cell/Tissue Culture Research and Technology from Islamic Perspective, deals and discusses on issues pertaining to the applications of cell and tissue culture in the light of the advancements made in modern technology, particularly in biotechnology and nanotechnology. To dissect the many topics pertaining to this matter, the book is divided into 10 chapters. In Chapter 1, which is entitled, “Integration of Islamic Principles in Modern Science: Its Philosophy and Method”, Ibrahim A. Shogar, the writer, gives an in depth explanation of the approaches used by scholars, jurists and scientists of this modernized world in order to integrate Islamic principles in science and technology. He explains the many challenges that have, and will, be faced by Muslims in order to achieve Islamic integration in modern science, taking into account the opinions of old and new Muslim scholars. Through the philosophies and methods presented, the aim of showing the steady progression of Islamic integration in the promising field of science and technology is achieved. In Chapter 2, “Cell and Tissue Culture: An Overview”, Mohammad Syaiful Bahari Abdull Rasad and his co-author, focuses upon the basic requirements and arrangements that are necessary for the purpose of setting up, or working, in a cell/tissue culture laboratory. Brief explanations of protocols, equipment handling and maintenance are also incorporated into this chapter with the aim of exposing readers on the various regulations and equipment needed in a culture laboratory. A concise elucidation on a collection of cell lines is provided as an introductory towards the types of cells/tissues that can be found cultured in a normal cell/tissue culture laboratory. Overall, readers should have a fundamental understanding of the setup and requirements of a cell/tissue culture laboratory. Rahmatul Wahida Ahmad, in Chapter 3, which is entitled “Risk Assessment and Regulatory Aspects of Cell Culture”, stresses that safety and health of the occupants of the cell/tissue culture laboratory is to be the focal point of any cell/tissue culture research as the risks one is exposed to are aplenty. The level of risks, and the regulations that are established in most cell/tissue culture laboratory in order to counter and reduce the amount of exposure towards those risks, are highlighted in this chapter, with the hopes of putting cautions in readers who are involved with cell/tissue culture research. As Islam prioritizes safety and wellbeing of mankind, this chapter is of great significance before going further with other aspects of integrated science and Islamic principles. In Chapter 4, “Basic Techniques and Research in Cell Culture: Integration of Islamic Approach”, Mohammad Syaiful Bahari Abdull Rasad provides an explanation on how Islamic laws and regulations (shariah) could be applied in cell culture research with proper usage of alternative resources and materials. Discussions and suggestions in utilizing alternative approaches for cell culture research are stressed upon, with the aim of exposing readers with the possibilities of making modern science and technology more acceptable for Muslims, as well as other, communities. As a result, a perceptive on how to approach and integrate Islam into cell culture research is accomplished. The focus of Chapter 5 is on the “Diagnostic and Therapeutic Application of Cell and Tissue Culture from Islamic Perspective”. The writer, Mohammad Syaiful Bahari Abdull Rasad and his co-writer, Nur Aizura Mat Alewi, writes at great length on the various dilemmas as well as ethical and social issues posed by the utilization of cell and tissue culture in the field of diagnostic and therapeutic research. The writers emphasize that with the advancement in cell/tissue culture application in an assortment of researches, many issues, of old and new, have also arisen. Thus, it is the duty of Muslim scholars and scientists to search for knowledge and ascertain proper regulations that are in accordance to Islamic shariah as this would assist in safeguarding the interest of the Muslim ummah and at the same time, promote its progression in modern science. In Chapter 6, “New Era of Regenerative Medicine: An Islamic Perspective”, Ahmad Sukari Halim and his co-authors highlight the headway made by scientists and researches of this century on regenerative medicine. Diverse methods and approaches applied in modern science are stated thoroughly, keeping in mind on how Islam perceives and accepts advancement in life, as long as they are within the bound of Islamic rules and regulations (shariah). In Chapter 7, Mohd. Arifin Kaderi explains the various aspects of genetic engineering and how cells are utilized in this advancing field of biotechnology, taking into deliberation the issues that may arise based on Islamic perspective. Hence, this chapter entitled, “Applications of Cultured Cells in Genetic Engineering: An Islamic Perspective”, discusses topics such as gene/genome applications in genetic engineering, vaccines and antibodies productions and so forth. Elaborating further on the matter which have a degree of association, Munirah Sha’ban and her co-author, in Chapter 8, under the title, “Tissue Engineering: An Islamic Perspective”, write on a variety of aspects that need to be understood by Muslims concerning the utilization of tissue engineering from medical and scientific perspectives, with religious (Islamic) perspective playing a focal role in the discussions. It is indicated in the chapter that although the issues surrounding tissue engineering are continuously being reviewed and debated, Muslims should move forward with researches concerning tissue engineering while keeping in adherence to the shariah. Meanwhile, Muhammad Lokman Md. Isa in Chapter 9, “Stem Cells Research: Value, Ethical and Religious Views”, draws attention to several other religions, including Islam, and their opinions and views on the subject of stem cell research. It is interesting to note that the religions which have strong traditions of legal and religious laws, namely Judaism and Islam, support most forms of stem cell research. Finally, in the last chapter (Chapter 10) which was written by Shaharum Shamsuddin, entitled, “Nanobiotechnology and Nanomedicine: The Impact, Implication and The Unknown”, the writer puts forward a lengthy elaboration on a topic that has piqued the attention of many researchers and scientists of this era, which is the topic of nanotechnology. With in-depth input on different applications of nanotechnology, readers are able to further immerse themselves in the many prospects of nanotechnology, both known and unknown, that could benefit mankind in the future.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: 4701/43067
Uncontrolled Keywords: cell, tissue culture, overview
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Biomedical Science (Effective:1st July 2011)
Depositing User: Dr. Mohammad Syaiful Bahari Abdull Rasad
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2017 11:11
Last Modified: 23 Mar 2017 11:11
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/43067

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