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The use of piper sarmentosum leaves aqueous extract (kadukmy™) as antihypertensive agent in spontaneous hypertensive rats

Mohd Zainudin, Maizura and Zakaria, Zaiton and Megat Mohd Nordin, Nor Anita (2015) The use of piper sarmentosum leaves aqueous extract (kadukmy™) as antihypertensive agent in spontaneous hypertensive rats. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 15 (1). pp. 1-10. ISSN 1472-6882

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Background: The National Health and Morbidity Survey in 2011 estimated that 35.1% (5.7 million) of Malaysian adults aged 18 and older suffer from hypertension. Hypertension is still treated by conventional medicine despite its exact aetiology being unknown. Studies showed that oxidative stress and low availability of nitric oxide (NO) causes an increase in vascular wall tension and increase blood pressure. Piper sarmentosum (PS) a traditional Malay herbal plant is well known for its high antioxidant content. Antioxidant is useful in improving cardiovascular diseases particularly hypertension. Thus, it is beneficial to determine the effect of PS leaves aqueous extract (Kadukmy™) on the blood pressure, NO level, oxidative stress markers and serum cholesterol level of the Spontaneous Hypertensive Rats (SHR). Methods: Rats were devided into five groups consisting of three treatment groups and two control groups. Baseline blood investigations were done before and following commencement of treatment. Spontaneous hypertensive rats were treated for 28 consecutive days and the blood pressure was measured weekly. Results: Kadukmy™ administration showed a significant reduction in systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) (P < 0.05), increased serum NO level (P < 0.05), reduced serum malondialdehyde (MDA) level (P < 0.05) and reduction of serum total cholesterol level in groups treated with Kadukmy-1™. Conclusions: The result of the present study revealed that Kadukmy™ exerts its antioxidant activity to reduce oxidative stress damage, increase NO production and able to reduce blood pressure and cholesterol level.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6122/42713
Uncontrolled Keywords: Piper sarmentosum, Hypertension, Aqueous, Nitric oxide, Oxidative stress, Antioxidant
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Basic Medical
Depositing User: Dr Maizura Mohd Zainudin
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2015 12:40
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2017 16:26
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/42713

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