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Identification of RS9960767 at TCF4 gene in Malaysian schizophrenia and rheumatoid arhtritis patients: a preliminary study

Ab Rajab, Nur Syafawati and Salleh, Mohd Razali and Mohd Yassin, Mohd Azhar and Wan Ghazali, Wan Syamimee and A.Talib, Norlelawati and Wan Taib, Wan Rohani and Sulong, Sarina (2015) Identification of RS9960767 at TCF4 gene in Malaysian schizophrenia and rheumatoid arhtritis patients: a preliminary study. In: Human Genome Meeting 2015 (HGM 2015), 14th-17th March 2015, Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre, Kuala Lumpur. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Objectives: Mutation of a TCF4 gene was previously reported as the cause of Schizophrenia. As documented long ago, there were inverse relationship between Schizophrenia (SZ) and Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). Aim of this study is to detect genetic associations of a Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP), rs9960767 at TCF4 gene between both patients group with controls. Methods: A total of 3ml whole blood was obtained from 47 SZ patients, 47 RA patients and 48 controls. Genomic DNA was extracted and PCR amplification of the exon 18 of TCF4 gene was performed. The PCR amplicon was digested with AluI restriction enzyme for rapid genotyping of the SNP and followed with 3% gel electrophoresis. Single association was analyzed using online SHEsis software based on Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium using Chi-square calculation with 95% confidence interval (CI) and P value <0.05 is considered statistically significant. Results: The incidence of the mutation allele among the patients were 3.2% in SZ and 2.1% in RA while compared to controls incidence are 3.1% (p=0.98, OR=0.978; %95 CI=0.193-4.98 between SZ and controls and p=0.67, OR=1.48; %95 CI=0.24-9.09 between RA and controls). Genotype frequencies for SZ, RA and controls for AA (wild type homozygous) are 93.6 %, 97.9% and 93.8% respectively. AC genotype frequencies (mutant heterozygous) are 6.4% for SZ, 4.3% for RA and 6.2% for controls. However, none was found for allele CC (mutant homozygous) in all groups. Conclusion: The presence of SNP rs9960767 of the TCF4 gene statistically did not show association in our SZ patients. The negative association arises when the C allele from the SNP predispose to RA and protects from having SZ. However, a bigger sample size is needed to confirm this correlation.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Abstract)
Additional Information: 4667/42403
Uncontrolled Keywords: rheumatoid arhtritis
Subjects: R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Basic Medical
Depositing User: Dr Norlelawati A.Talib
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2016 16:11
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2016 16:11
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/42403

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