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Endo sensor bacterial endotoxin detector in liquid biological samples

John, Akbar and Yunus, Kamaruzzaman and Khan Chowdhury, Ahmed Jalal and Kamaruddin, Zaleha (2011) Endo sensor bacterial endotoxin detector in liquid biological samples. In: 2nd International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering (ICBioE 2011), 17-19 May 2011, The Legend Hotel, Kuala Lumpur.

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Abstract

Endotoxins (Lipopolysaccharide) from gram-negative microorganisms initiates clot formation in blood when it is accidentally encountered by horseshoe crab blood stream. This property was extensively studied by various researchers as a result Limulus Amebocyte Lysate (LAL) test was established. The LAL tests in general, 3 to 300 times more sensitive than the United States Pharmacopeial (USP) rabbit pyrogen test method. It is apparent that major differences among the LAL preparations lie in the area of sensitivity. Differences, up to 100-fold, exist in the sensitivity of the various LAL preparations to the same endotoxin. Based on above perspective a portable Kit (Endo sensor) was developed to detect the presence of bacterial endotoxin in liquid biological samples using Tachypleus Amebocyte Lysate (TAL) as a source. Sensitivity of the Kit was determined using various concentrations of prepared endotoxin standards and pyrogen free water samples. It was observed that Endo sensor could detect up to nano gram level of endotoxin in liquid biological samples which could be expressed in (EU/ml) and the labeled sensitivity of the lysated product was 0.125 EU/ml. The gel clotting principle method was utilized for the detection of bacterial endotoxin in liquid biological samples.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Additional Information: (3575/4219 (Proceeding of the 2nd International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering (ICBioE 2011)))
Uncontrolled Keywords: Endo sensor; Endotoxins; Tachyp;eus gigas; Tachypleus Amebocyte Lysate; Labeled sensitivity and Endotoxin Unit (EU/ml).
Subjects: Q Science > QL Zoology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Biotechnology
Kulliyyah of Science > Institute of Oceanography and Maritime Studies
Depositing User: Professor Ahmed Jalal Khan Chowdhury
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2011 11:20
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2017 13:02
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/4219

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