IIUM Repository (IREP)

Dose-dependence of dietary antioxidants in their biological actions for research in human chronic diseases

Lestari, Widya and Jaswir, Irwandi and Nordin, Nur Sazwi and Octavianti, Fitri and Nagao, Akihiko (2014) Dose-dependence of dietary antioxidants in their biological actions for research in human chronic diseases. In: International Research, Invention and Innovation Exhibition 2014 (IRIIE2014), 11th -13th June 2014, Kuala Lumpur. (Unpublished)

[img] PDF - Supplemental Material
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (671kB) | Request a copy
[img] PDF - Presentation
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (1MB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Dietary antioxidants are substances in foods that significantly decrease the adverse effects of reactive oxygen species, reactive nitrogen species, or both on normal physiological function in humans. Mostly found in fruits and vegetables, they prevent free radicals from attacking cells and damaging DNA. Epidemiological evidences have suggested that intake of fruits and vegetables reduces the risk of both cancer and cardiovascular disease. Flavonoids, carotenoids, vitamin C, vitamin E and selenium are the major dietary antioxidants. Several large intervention studies have thus been conducted with beta-carotene and vitamin E, leading investigations on chemoprevention of chronic diseases with dietary antioxidants. However, beta-carotene supplementation has shown not only positive but also negative effects on human health. The antioxidant activity of these compounds may shift into prooxidant activity, depending on the redox potential of the carotenoid molecules as well as on the biological environment in which they act. The prooxidant potency of these compounds is determined by several factors, including oxygen tension, carotenoid concentration, and interactions with other antioxidants. Prooxidant activity can induce harmful results in biologic systems and influence the development of human chronic diseases.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 6863/42170
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dose-dependence, dietary antioxidants, chronic diseases
Subjects: R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Dentistry
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Widya Lestari
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2016 16:37
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2016 16:37
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/42170

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year