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Fibrin promotes proliferation and matrix production of intervertebral disc cells cultured in three-dimensional poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) scaffold

Sha'ban, Munirah and Yoon, Sun Jung and Ko, Youn Kyung and Ha, Hyun Jang and Kim, Soon Hee and So, Jung Won and Idrus, Ruszymah and Khang, Gilson (2008) Fibrin promotes proliferation and matrix production of intervertebral disc cells cultured in three-dimensional poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) scaffold. Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition, 19 (9). pp. 1219-1237. ISSN 0920-5063 (Print), 1568-5624 (Online)

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Abstract

Previously, we have proven that fibrin and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) scaffolds facilitate cell proliferation, matrix production and early chondrogenesis of rabbit articular chondrocytes in in vitro and in vivo experiments. In this study, we evaluated the potential of fibrin/PLGA scaffold for intervertebral disc (IVD) tissue engineering using annulus fibrosus (AF) and nucleus pulposus (NP) cells in relation to potential clinical application. PLGA scaffolds were soaked in cells–fibrin suspension and polymerized by dropping thrombin–sodium chloride (CaCl2) solution. A PLGA–cell complex without fibrin was used as control. Higher cellular proliferation activity was observed in fibrin/PLGA-seeded AF and NP cells at each time point of 3, 7, 14 and 7 days using the MTT assay. After 3 weeks in vitro incubation, fibrin/PLGA exhibited a firmer gross morphology than PLGA groups. A significant cartilaginous tissue formation was observed in fibrin/PLGA, as proven by the development of cells cluster of various sizes and three-dimensional (3D) cartilaginous histoarchitecture and the presence of proteoglycan-rich matrix and glycosaminoglycan (GAG). The sGAG production measured by 1,9-dimethylmethylene blue (DMMB) assay revealed greater sGAG production in fibrin/PLGA than PLGA group. Immunohistochemical analyses showed expressions of collagen type II, aggrecan core protein and collagen type I genes throughout in vitro culture in both fibrin/PLGA and PLGA. In conclusion, fibrin promotes cell proliferation, stable in vitro tissue morphology, superior cartilaginous tissue formation and sGAG production of AF and NP cells cultured in PLGA scaffold. The 3D porous PLGA scaffold–cell complexes using fibrin can provide a vehicle for delivery of cells to regenerate tissue-engineered IVD tissue.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6006/41858
Uncontrolled Keywords: Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid); fibrin; intervertebral disc; nucleus pulposus; annulus fibrosus; tissue engineering
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences
Depositing User: Munirah Sha'ban
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2015 09:48
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2015 09:48
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/41858

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