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Development process for tar filtering from biomass pyrolysis

Naili Rozan, Alya and Purwanto, Hadi (2015) Development process for tar filtering from biomass pyrolysis. In: 5th International Conference on Energy and Sustainability 2014 , 16-18 December 2014, Putrajaya, Malaysia.

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This paper presents a new approach for recovering tar produced from biomass pyrolysis process. Pyrolysis is a promising thermochemical process to utilize biomass to produce gas, char and tar. Tar is a vapour/liquid product containing carbon, and it is often found in producer gas. It needs to be recovered from gas mixture to upgrade its value for the tar to be utilized on its own as a fuel source. In this developed process, steelmaking slag and low-grade iron ore were made porous by dehydration process, and were then introduced as a tar filter to trap tar produced during biomass pyrolysis. The purpose of this work is to investigate the possibility of using porous materials for tar filtering during pyrolysis process. Tar vapour infiltrated within the porous materials and then decomposed into carbon and gases where carbon was deposited on the pore surface. Clean gas can be collected and tar can be recovered before being utilized as a renewable energy source by itself. After the trapping process, carbon was found to be deposited within the porous material. The product of the tar filtering will be carbon-deposited material – a potential candidate to be used as a renewable fuel source.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Additional Information: 5804/41105 (Published: WIT Transactions on Ecology and The Environment, Vol 186, © 2015 WIT Press, ISSN 1743-3541)
Uncontrolled Keywords: porous materials, pyrolysis, biomass, tar filter, renewable fuel source
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401 Materials of engineering and construction
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Hadi Purwanto
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2015 09:20
Last Modified: 24 May 2016 12:13
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/41105

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