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Properties of thermoplastic starch/kenaf composite

Ahmad, Zuraida and Z. N., Najiah and Abdul Razak, Nurhumairah and Sarifuddin, Norshahida (2014) Properties of thermoplastic starch/kenaf composite. Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals, 603 (1). pp. 173-179. ISSN 1542-1406 E-ISSN 1563-5287

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Abstract

This paper reports on the physical and mechanical properties of the thermoplastic sago starch/kenaf fibre (TPSS/KF) composite. The composite was prepared through a compression molding technique at varying fibre contents of 0, 10, 20 and 30 wt.%, whilst the effect of the fibres incorporation was evaluated by physical and mechanical tests, as well as morphological analysis. Reduction of moisture content and denser composite were achieved with a higher fibre content. Meanwhile, the water absorption of the composite was lower than the thermoplastic with an increase in the kenaf fibre loading. Tensile testing improved strength and modulus with the increase of fibres content until an optimum was reached at 30 wt.% of fiber loading. Morphological analysis showed good wetting between the polymer matrix and fibres that provided the tensile improvement.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3254/41047
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sago starch; kenaf bast fibre; composite; reinforcement; plasticizer
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401 Materials of engineering and construction
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Zuraida Ahmad
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2015 16:25
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2017 11:09
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/41047

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