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Two-year outcomes of methadone maintenance therapy at a clinic in Malaysia

Musa, Ramli and Abu Bakar, Ahmad Zafri and Khan, Umeed Ali (2011) Two-year outcomes of methadone maintenance therapy at a clinic in Malaysia. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health. pp. 1-7. ISSN 1010-5395

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Abstract

Background. The commencement of methadone maintenance therapy (MMT) in 2005 represents a quantum leap in the management of heroin dependence in Malaysia. Objective. To examine the 2-year outcomes of this modality in the treatment of heroin dependence with respect to the quality of life (QOL), heroin abstinence, and rate of employment among heroin dependants attending the Tengku Ampuan Afzan Hospital (HTAA) MMT clinic. Method. This was an experimental study in which the second QOL assessment was conducted 2 years after treatment initiation. Results. A total of 172 patients enrolled at the point of entry to the MMT program. The authors examined 107 patients who remained in the program 2 years later (62.6% retention rate). A paired t test demonstrated sigsnificant improvements in all 4 domains of QOL (physical, psychological, social relationships, and environment; P < .001). The most marked improvement was noted in the psychological domain. Conclusion. The MMT program at HTAA is effective in improving the QOL among heroin dependants.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5818/4098
Uncontrolled Keywords: heroin dependence, methadone, outcomes, quality of life, retention rate
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare > HV5800 Drug habits. Drug abuse
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Psychiatry
Depositing User: Professor Ramli Musa
Date Deposited: 07 Oct 2011 16:00
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2014 14:01
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/4098

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