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Production of biodiesel from sludge palm oil by esterification process

Hayyan, Adeeb and Alam, Md. Zahangir and Mirghani, Mohamed Elwathig Saeed and Kabbashi, Nassereldeen Ahmed and Hakimi, Noor Irma Nazashida Mohd and Siran, Yosri Mohd and Tahiruddin, Shawaluddin (2010) Production of biodiesel from sludge palm oil by esterification process. Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, 4 (1). pp. 11-17. ISSN 1934-8975

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Abstract

Sludge palm oil (SPO) is an attractive feedstock and a significant raw material for biodiesel production. The use of SPO can lower the cost of biodiesel production significantly. In this study biodiesel fuel was produced from SPO by esterification process using P-toluenesulfonic acid (PTSA) as acid catalyst in different dosages in presence of methanol to convert free fatty acid (FFA) to fatty acid methyl ester (FAME). Batch esterification process of SPO was carried out to study the influence of PTSA dosage (0.25-10% wt/wt),molar ratio of methanol to SPO (6:1-20:1), temperature (40-80 oC), reaction time (30-120 min). The effects of those parameters on the yield of crude biodiesel and conversion of FFA to FAME were monitored. The optimum condition for batch esterification process was 0.75% wt/wt, 10:1 molar ratio, 60 oC temperature and 60 minutes reaction time.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4157/4084
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biodiesel, esterification, free fatty acid, P-toluenesulfonic acid, transesterification
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP315 Fuel
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Md. Zahangir Alam
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2011 08:53
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2012 08:12
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/4084

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