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Antimicrobial activity of banana (Musa paradisiaca L.) peels against food borne pathogenic microbes

Mohd Sirajudin, Zuvairea Nazren and Ahmed, Qamar Uddin and Khan Chowdhury, Ahmed Jalal and Kamarudin, Zawane and Khan, Abdul Viqar and Uddin, ABM Helal and Musa, Najiah (2014) Antimicrobial activity of banana (Musa paradisiaca L.) peels against food borne pathogenic microbes. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology, 8 (5). pp. 3627-3639. ISSN 0973-7510

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Banana (Musa paradisiaca L.) peels are usually considered as wastes and are discarded during the processing, which eventually contribute to polluting the environment. Hence, this study was aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of two different varieties of M. paradisiaca peels, i.e., Nangka (M. paradisiaca variety Nangka)and Tanduk (M. paradisiaca variety Tanduk) with regard to generate safe and cheap antimicrobials as well as address pollution related issues due to such wastes. Antimicrobial study was carried out on the extracts using disc diffusion and broth micro-dilution methods. The best activity through disc diffusion method for bacteria and fungi was demonstrated by Tanduk peel’s ethanol and dichloromethane extracts against S. aureus (30 mm) and C. krusei (10 mm), respectively. However, the least active bacteria and fungi were found to be V. parahaemolyticus and C. albicans, respectively. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values ranged from 6.25 to 100 mg/mL. Tanduk peel’s ethanol extract exhibited the lowest MIC and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) values against B. cepacia (6.25 mg/mL) whereas for fungi, Tanduk peel’s dichloromethane extract exhibited lowest MIC and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) values against C. albicans (25 mg/mL). The results of MBC or MFC showed that some extracts were bactericidal or fungicidal while others were bacteriostatic or fungistatic against certain microbes. Banana peel waste’s extracts could be potential antimicrobial alternatives and may be effective to utilize as a natural source of antimicrobial agent in pharmaceutical industries.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4921/40267
Uncontrolled Keywords: Musa paradisiaca L., Nangka, Tanduk, Antimicrobial activity, MIC, MBC, MFC
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Kulliyyah of Science
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Biotechnology
Depositing User: Professor Ahmed Jalal Khan Chowdhury
Date Deposited: 27 Dec 2014 16:22
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2017 11:03
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/40267

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