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Imagery-induced relaxation as a psychological intervention tool in children with cancer

Taib, Mai Nurul Ashikin and Nasir, Ariffin and Othman, Azizah and Sharifudin, Mohd Ariff (2014) Imagery-induced relaxation as a psychological intervention tool in children with cancer. In: International Health Conference IIUM 2014, 3-4 Dec 2014, Kuantan, Pahang.

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Abstract

Background: Psychologically-directed therapies have been shown to be effective in reducing stress and enhance well-being. The objective of this study was to develop an imagery-induced relaxation (IIR) audio in Bahasa Malaysia as an interventional psychological tool and pilot test it to a group of paediatric oncology patients in the hope to improve the patient’s well-being as a whole. Methodology: 18 cancer children were recruited for this study. The imagery-induced relaxation (IIR) tool was developed where face and content validation were obtained via reports from experts. An interventional study was conducted to look at the effect of the IIR audio in modifying the physiological and mood indicators as well as the quality of life score in children with cancer. The quality of life scores were measured using the PedsQL 4.0 Generic Core Scale and PedsQL 3.0 Cancer Module. The physiological relaxation indicators were measured using a self-contructed rating scale. Mood and pain were measured using the Ottawa-Georgia Mood Faces Scale and Wong-Baker Pain analogue scale. Multiple comparisons between the pre and post intervention was analysed with Friedman test with Bonferroni correction to detect the differences in indicators score across over time. Results: There was no significant difference in the quality of life score. However, the differences in all the physiological indicators; calmness of heart beats (χ2 (4) = 21.02, p= <0.001), feeling of comfortness (χ2 (4) = 24.80 , p= <0.001), perception of no pain (χ2 (4) = 16.20, p= 0.003) and feeling of perceived strength (χ2 = 17.50 p= 0.002), mood; stress (χ2 (4) = 17.731, p= 0.001), sad (χ2 (4) = 13.522, p= 0.009), anxiety (χ2 (4) = 12.290, p= 0.015) and anger (χ2 = 16.905, p= 0.002) and pain (χ2 (4) = 9.882, p= 0.042) between time (pre and post intervention) were significant. The mean rank for all the indicators showed improvement with time indicating better physiological response, mood and less pain. Conclusion: This study has successfully become a pioneer in developing an imagery induced audio in Bahasa Malaysia, which is feasible and enjoyable by children. The imagery-induced relaxation audio has also shown potential benefit in inducing positive effects on physiological indicators of relaxation, mood and pain in cancer children. Future randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm our findings.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Full Paper)
Additional Information: 5755/39538
Uncontrolled Keywords: Guided-imagery, psychological tool, cancer, children
Subjects: R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics > RJ101 Child Health. Child health services
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Department of Orthopaedics, Traumatology & Rehabilitation
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Paediatrics
Depositing User: Dr MOHD ARIFF SHARIFUDIN
Date Deposited: 05 Dec 2014 19:07
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2015 11:44
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/39538

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