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Production of heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel synthesis

beenish, shah and Sulaiman, Sarina and Jamal, Parveen and Alam, Md Zahangir (2014) Production of heterogeneous catalysts for biodiesel synthesis. International Journal of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, 5 (2). pp. 73-75. ISSN 2078-0737

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The waste food material namely crab shell, egg shell and fish bone is screened for biodiesel synthesis by trans - esterification reaction to determine the source providing the highest biodiesel yield. The soli d oxide materials were calcined at 900°C for 2 - 4 hrs to convert CaCO 3 to CaO species. Trans - esterification is carried out at 65°C for 4 hrs with varied methanol to oil ratio. It was found that although egg shell, and crab shell gave average biodiesel yield s, fish bone provided outstanding results of the three catalysts. This research signifies successful application of waste resources as an emerging prospective for economical preparation of heterogeneous catalyst, developing an unconventional avenue for reusing of this solid waste.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6797/39286
Uncontrolled Keywords: Waste material; CaO; Heterogeneous Catalyst; Transesterification; Biodiesel
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Sarina Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2014 15:40
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2017 15:04
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/39286

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