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Pro-Poor Tourism: A Case Study of Melaka UNESCO World Heritage City

Amir, Syakir and Mohit, Mohammad Abdul and Bachok, Syahriah (2014) Pro-Poor Tourism: A Case Study of Melaka UNESCO World Heritage City. In: 2014 International Symposium on Business and Management (ISBM 2014), 2-4 April 2014, Nagoya, Japan.

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Abstract

The concept of Pro-Poor Tourism has been significant for over 10 years. The concept has been given a priority at every level of tourism agenda in most less developed as well as developing countries, as it is believed that involving the poor community can eradicate poverty. Malaysia’s ‘vision 2020’ aspiration to join the league of developed nation that was inspired by former Prime Minister, Mahathir two decades ago struggling herself to eradicate the poor, and becoming as a high income developed nation. The primary aim of this study addresses exploring Melaka as the best example in implementing the Pro-Poor Tourism in Malaysia. A state that has been claimed as UNESCO World Heritage City in 2008 has successfully decreased the poverty rate from 1.8% in 2007 to 0.1% in 2012. Correlation result between poverty rates and tourist arrivals before and after the UNESCO declaration shows the tourist arrival gives a significant contribution to the decrease of poor. In fact, Melaka State Government with state tourism players have proposed various strategies and programs to attract domestic as well as foreign tourists. This effort has swiftly increase poor to participate in the tourism industry.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Additional Information: 3631/38923
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pro-Poor tourism, Melaka, Poor
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > H96 Public policy (General), Policy sciences
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design > Department of Urban & Regional Planning
Depositing User: Dr Mohammad Abdul Mohit
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2014 12:06
Last Modified: 19 Jun 2018 12:28
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/38923

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