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A study on the relationship between body mass index and dental caries in children at the Polyclinic, Kulliyyah of Dentistry IIUM

Faisal, Ghasak Ghazi and Ardini, Yunita Dewi and Ibrahim, Farahin and Mohd Noh, Nur zety (2014) A study on the relationship between body mass index and dental caries in children at the Polyclinic, Kulliyyah of Dentistry IIUM. In: 3rd IIUM Dental Students' Scientific Conference, 10 Feb 2014, Kulliyyah of Dentistry IIUM.

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Abstract

Objective: To investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and dental caries among paediatric patients attending the Polyclinic, Kulliyyah of Dentistry, IIUM. Materials and Methods: Total of 120 patients attending Paediatric Dentistry clinic, aged between 3-12 years old were included in this study. Body weight and height of the patient were measured. They were grouped according to BMI categories; underweight, normal, overweight, and obese. Dental charting was done and information regarding frequency of brushing, sugary food intake, parents’ educational level and income were obtained from the questionnaires given to the parents. Results: Out of 120 patients, 20.8% patients were underweight, 65 % normal, 5 % overweight, and 9.2 % obese. Meanwhile, 16.7% of the children had low caries risk, 20.8% medium caries risk and 62.5% high caries risk. Both underweight and overweight children showed increased prevalence of high caries risk than normal weight children. However, it is not statistically significant p>0.05 . The results showed that the age group three to five scores highest in high risk caries (69.6%) and, children with low sugary intake showed the highest percentage of low caries risk (50%). Children who do not practice tooth brushing also showed the highest caries risk (76.9%). Conclusions: Dental caries is a multifactorial disease caused by factors such as age, diet and oral self-care. Therefore, BMI can be attributed to play only a partial role in determining caries status in children. Hence, oral health education and dietary advice should be emphasized during early childhood to achieve good oral health.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 6388/38905
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dental Caries, Children, BMI, obesity
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Dentistry
Depositing User: Assoc.Prof Ghasak Ghazi Al-Atrakchi
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2014 11:19
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2014 11:19
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/38905

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