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Inventing & validation of a new family scale; Asian family characteristics scale & skala ciri kekeluargaan Asia

Musa, Ramli (2014) Inventing & validation of a new family scale; Asian family characteristics scale & skala ciri kekeluargaan Asia. In: Seminar Hasil Penemuan Penyelidikan Skim Geran Penyelidikan Fundamental (FRGS) Fasa 1/2011, 1st October 2014, Seremban, Negeri Sembilan. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

RESEARCH FINDINGS From a total of 600 selected respondents, 588 agreed to participate and 8 were excluded. From 580 respondents, 81.7 % were Malays, 8.8% were Chinese and 9.5% were other races. Of these participants, 57% were females and 43% obtained secondary education. The age range is between 13 to 61 years. This indicates as early as 13 year-old could understand the scale. The sample is adequate as the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin values are 0.93 which is very good. Based on analysis of 43 initial items, most of the items had good Cronbach’s alpha values. The lowest Cronbach’s value of initial 43 items is 6.92. Based on explanatory factor analysis with Varimax rotation on initial 43 items, we decided to omit 13 items which had poor factor loadings, reason of redundancy, poor outcome based on feedbacks during pre-test and other statistical analyses. Next analysis is based on 30 finalized items. Based analysis with Varimax rotation without force, we obtained very good and nicely identified 30 items with 5 domains. The 30 analyzed items were having good factor loadings as displayed in table 2. The factor loading are nicely fit into their respective domains. The 5 identified domains are namely Togetherness/Harmony (factor 1), Expression (factor 2), Relationship & Family dynamic (factor 3), Conflict (factor 4) and Religiosity & Traditional Practice (factor 5). Overall Cronbach’s alpha is very good (0.90). When we analyzed Cronbach’s alpha for each one of 5 domains, we managed to get the values of 0.67, 0.814, 0.71, 0.74 and 0.77 for factor 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 respectively. The Scree plot suggests that the point where the slope of the curve is clearly leveling off (the “elbow) is when five domains were constructed. We decided on five domains and this is in line with Eigenvalue more than one. This new scale has good psychometric properties and it is valid as a scale for Malaysian population. Asian family values are different from western which require a special psychometric tool. This newly prepared scale looks set to serve research purposes well. What are the advantages of this scale? 1. This scale is specifically designed to cater the need for Malaysian multi-ethnic population. We include religious and traditional practice in Asia. 2. We incorporate the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) in this scale. 3. This scale focuses on both nuclear family and extended family. In the aspect of Asian population, extended family still plays a major role as a family support. 4. We also emphasis on local concepts of Asian and Malaysian family such as religious aspect and leisure activities as they are more pertinent to Asian such as going for walk in lake garden, vacation, shopping, going to mosque or temple so on so forth. ACHIEVEMENT i) Name of articles/ manuscripts/ books published – publication effort was delayed due to long process of copyright registration. 1. Ramli Musa. Construction & Development of an Asian Family Scale. The Path and Importance of the Effort. Malaysian Journal of Psychiatry. 2013. MJP-02-02-13 2. Ramli Musa, M Mohd Aznan, D Samsul, AB Ahmad Zafri, A Kartini. Invention of Our Own Family Scale; The needs and Importance. East Asian Arch Psychiatry. 2012, Vol 22, No 4 Supplement, 38-39. 3. Ramli Musa, Mohd Aznan Mat Aris, Samsul Draman, Kartini Abdullah, Ahmad Zafri Abu Bakar, Mohamad Adam Bujang. The Need for and Designing a new Asian Family Scale. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology. Submitted in July 2014 and under amendment. ii) Title of Paper presentations (international/ National) 1. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTIES 1. Asian Family Characteristics Scale. Copyright No CRLY 000056. Registered on 15 Mac 2012. 2. Skala Ciri Kekeluargaan Asia. Copyright No CRLY 00000057. Registered on 15 Mac 2012. 1. Speaker; Mental Health for All; The 3rd HK-UK Joint International Conference 8-10 Dec 2012, Hong Kong. (International) 2. Speaker “Tools to measure various aspects in Liaison patients. Liaison Meeting, PPUKM KL. 27 November 2012, Department of Psychiatry, Medical Faculty, Pusat Perubatan UKM iii) Human Capital Development (on-going/ graduated) On-going Master trainee; 1 Planning for PhD perusing this project. iv) Awards/ Other 2. Outstanding Research Quality Award (Health and Allied Sciences), University level. International Islamic University Malaysia. 2012. University Quality Day 26 June 2012. 3. Ramli Musa, Aznan Mat Aris, Samsul Draman, Kartini Abdullah, Ahmad Zafri. Gold Medal. Inventing & Validation of a New Family Scale; Asian Family Characteristics Scale & Skala Ciri Kekeluargaan Asia. IIUM Research, Innovation & Research Exhibition 2012. International Islamic University Malaysia 21-22 February 2012.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Other)
Additional Information: 5818/38746
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Psychiatry
Depositing User: Professor Ramli Musa
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2014 08:35
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2015 12:14
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/38746

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