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Production of ethanol from cocoa pod hydrolysate

Abd. Samah, Othman and Sias, Salihin and Hua, Yeap Geok and Hussin, Nurul Nadiah (2011) Production of ethanol from cocoa pod hydrolysate. ITB Journal of Science, 43 (A) (2). pp. 87-94. ISSN 1978-3043.

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Cocoa pod (Theobroma cacao L.) hydrolysate was hydrolyzed into glucose using hydrochloric, sulphuric and nitric acids, respectively. The concentration of each acid was set at 0.25 M, 0.50 M, 0.75 M, 1.00 M and 1.25 M. They were treated under two different temperatures and time at 75˚C and 90˚C for 2 h and 4 h, respectively. The results showed that hydrolysis in 1.00 M of hydrochloric acid at 75˚C for 4 h had produced the highest glucose content of 30.7% w/v compared to all others acids treated under similar conditions. The pod’s hydolysate was then fermented in batch culture using Saccharomyces cerevisiae for 48 h at 30˚C. A maximum ethanol production of 17.3%v/v was achieved after 26 h of fermentation time.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4380/3631
Uncontrolled Keywords: cocoa pod, ethanol, fermentation, hydrolysate, S.cerevisiae
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Basic Health Sciences (Until June 2011)
Depositing User: Dr. Othman Abd Samah
Date Deposited: 22 Sep 2011 16:03
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2012 07:59
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/3631

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