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Experimental studies on the rheological and hydraulic performance of palm based hydraulic fluid

Wan Nik, W.B. and Zulkifli, F. and Sam, S. S. and Rahman, Md. Mokhlesur and Yusof, A. A. (2014) Experimental studies on the rheological and hydraulic performance of palm based hydraulic fluid. Jurnal Teknologi, 66 (3). pp. 7-13. ISSN 2180–3722 (O), 0127–9696 (P)

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Development of environmental friendly hydraulic fluid has a major influence in ecologically benign environment. The use of plant oil as hydraulic fluid would help to minimize hazardous pollution caused by accidental spillage, lower disposal costs of the used fluid and meet the environmental regulations. Hydraulic test rig was built to conduct endurance test where it can be operated continuously with several safety features. This research was conducted to evaluate the rheology elements and hydraulic performance of palm based hydraulic fluid. The palm oil shows decreasing trend in volumetric efficiency as the pressure increase while the mechanical efficiency increases as the pressure increase. Properties and characteristics of palm based hydraulic fluid were evaluated via rheology study. The effect of viscosity with temperature and shear rate was studied. The influence of shear rate and temperature on the variation of viscosity was clearly observed but temperature has more significant influence. Interpretations of rheological models indicate that this palm based hydraulic fluid belongs to pseudo-plastic category. Further analysis was done to fit the experimental data with two models and the findings show that Cross rheological model fits well with the experiment data. The plant oil was used in 1000 hours operation in a hydraulic system built in Universiti Malaysia Terengganu. The overall results suggest the potential substitution of palm oil as hydraulic fluid in marine applications. Keywords: Hydraulic fluids; mechanical efficiency; palm oil; rheology; volumetric efficiency

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5269/36224
Uncontrolled Keywords: H ydraulic fluids ; mechanical efficiency; p alm oil; r heology; v olumetric efficiency
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr Mohd Mokhlesur Rahman
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2014 16:26
Last Modified: 25 Jun 2018 08:28
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/36224

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