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In-Utero effects of the crude ethanolic extract of the leaves of mitragyna speciosa on neural tube formation in rats

Muhammad, Bala Yauri and Abdullahi, Abubakar Danjuma and Abd Kadir, Siti Nur Sharida and Abdul Razak, Tariq and Ahmed, Qamar Uddin (2010) In-Utero effects of the crude ethanolic extract of the leaves of mitragyna speciosa on neural tube formation in rats. Asian Journal of Experimental Biological Sciences, 1 (2). pp. 404-408. ISSN 0975-5845

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The developmental effects of in-utero administration of the crude ethanolic extract of the leaves of itragyna speciosa (MS) on neural tube in fetal rats were investigated. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were dosed orally once daily by gavage, with graded (500, 1000 and 1500 mg/kg) doses of the extract between the 8th and 13th day prenatally. The control group received corn oil used as vehicle for the extract. On the 18th day of gestation, mothers were sacrificed and embryos removed and stained under established procedures. The embryos were then analyzed for the presence of neural tube defects (NTD) through measurements of the extent of vertebral arch closure and brain size. Results indicate that the medium (C) and high (D) (1000 & 1500mg/kg) doses but not the low (B) (500mg/kg) dose in comparison with control (A) group, significantly (p10.001) produced a widening of the vertebral arch in the thoracic, lumber and cervical regions of the spinal cord. The brain transverse diameter was also significantly (p10.05) increased by the high dose only. These effects were seen in the absence of any significant differences in litter size and other gross physical abnormalities. This study indicates that the crude extract of the leaves of MS is capable of selective neurotoxicity and producing spina bifida like NTD as characterized by altered brain size and neural tube formation, a finding that may have an important implication in the dependence liability associated with its use.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 263/340
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mitragyna speciosa, neural tube, Prague-Dawley rats
Subjects: Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Dr Danjuma Abdullahi Abubakar
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2011 09:03
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2012 16:04
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/340

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