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Development of composting process of oil palm industrial wastes by multi-enzymatic fungal system

Mohammad, Noor and Alam, Md Zahangir and Kabashi, Nassereldin (2013) Development of composting process of oil palm industrial wastes by multi-enzymatic fungal system. Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, 15 (3). pp. 348-356. ISSN 1438-4957

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There is an increased interest in composting as an effective means of handling large amounts of organic wastes generated by oil palm industries in Malaysia. However, very few studies have been conducted to develop an effective composting process using the multi-enzymatic system. This study demonstrates an effective composting process of EFB (empty fruit bunch) with POME (palm oil mill effluent), using the optimized process parameters and compatible multi-enzymatic fungal system. A higher decrease (3 %) of organic matter was achieved in the fungal treated system, almost double that of the control (without inoculum). The lowest C/N ratio and soluble protein content recorded were about 17 and 128.82 g/kg, respectively. The maximum germination index obtained was 116 % at day 50 of treatment, which is considered high compared to the control (uninoculated). Furthermore, the maximum activity of ligninase enzyme was found to be 25.95 U/g and the highest cellulase activity was recorded at 0.975 U/g.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4157/33941
Uncontrolled Keywords: Composting; Empty fruit bunches; Mixed fungal culture; Palm oil mill effluent; Waste management
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Md. Zahangir Alam
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2014 09:08
Last Modified: 11 Aug 2017 08:34
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/33941

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