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Extreme learning machine for user location prediction in mobile environment

Mantoro, Teddy and Olowolayemo, Akeem and Olatunji, Sunday O. and Ayu, Media Anugerah and Md. Tap, Abu Osman (2011) Extreme learning machine for user location prediction in mobile environment. International Journal of Pervasive Computing and Communications, 7 (2). pp. 162-180. ISSN 1742-7371

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Purpose – Prediction accuracies are usually affected by the techniques and devices used as well as the algorithms applied. This work aims to attempt to further devise a better positioning accuracy based on location fingerprinting taking advantage of two important mobile fingerprints, namely signal strength (SS) and signal quality (SQ) and subsequently building a model based on extreme learning machine (ELM), a new learning algorithm for single-hidden-layer neural networks. Design/methodology/approach – Prediction approach to location determination based on historical data has attracted a lot of attention in recent studies, the reason being that it offers the convenience of using previously accumulated location data to subsequently determine locations using predictive algorithms. There have been various approaches to location positioning to further improve mobile user location determination accuracy. This work examines the location determination techniques by attempting to determine the location of mobile users by taking advantage of SS and SQ history data and modeling the locations using the ELM algorithm. The empirical results show that the proposed model based on the ELM algorithm noticeably outperforms k-Nearest Neighbor approaches. Findings – WiFi's SS contributes more in accuracy to the prediction of user location than WiFi's SQ. Moreover, the new framework based on ELM has been compared with the k-Nearest Neighbor and the results have shown that the proposed model based on the extreme learning algorithm outperforms the k-Nearest Neighbor approach. Originality/value – A new computational intelligence modeling scheme, based on the ELM has been investigated, developed and implemented, as an efficient and more accurate predictive solution for determining position of mobile users based on location fingerprint data (SS and SQ).

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5960/3358
Uncontrolled Keywords: Location awareness, Artificial neural network, Extreme learning machines, Mobile technology, Learning
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology
Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology
Depositing User: Media Ayu
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2011 08:44
Last Modified: 31 Jul 2013 09:34
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/3358

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