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Age-related rarefaction in retinal vasculature is not linear

Che Azemin, Mohd Zulfaezal and Ab Hamid, F. and Aminuddin, A. and Wang, J.J. and Kawasaki, R. and Kumar, D.K. (2013) Age-related rarefaction in retinal vasculature is not linear. Experimental Eye Research, 116. pp. 355-358. ISSN 0014-4835

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Abstract

The fractal dimension is a global measure of complexity and is useful for quantifying anatomical structures, including the retinal vascular network. A previous study found a linear declining trend with aging on the retinal vascular fractal dimension (DF); however, it was limited to the older population (49 years and older). This study aimed to investigate the possible models of the fractal dimension changes from young to old subjects (10-73 years). A total of 215 right-eye retinal samples, including those of 119 (55%) women and 96 (45%) men, were selected. The retinal vessels were segmented using computer-assisted software, and non-vessel fragments were deleted. The fractal dimension was measured based on the log-log plot of the number of grids versus the size. The retinal vascular DF was analyzed to determine changes with increasing age. Finally, the data were fitted to three polynomial models. All three models are statistically significant (Linear: R2 = 0.1270, 213 d.f., p < 0.001, Quadratic: R2 = 0.1536, 212 d.f., p < 0.001, Cubic: R2 = 0.1529, 211 d.f., p < 0.001). The quadratic regression is significantly better than the linear regression (p < 0.001); however, the increase in R2 from the quadratic model to the cubic model is not significant (p = 0.97). These results suggest that the decreasing trend of the fractal dimension associated with aging is better explained by the quadratic model than by the linear and cubic models in a sample with a broader age spectrum.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6768/33330 Scopus/ISI
Uncontrolled Keywords: retinal vasculature fractal dimension
Subjects: R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7800 Electronics. Computer engineering. Computer hardware. Photoelectronic devices > TK7885 Computer engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences
Depositing User: Dr. Mohd Zulfaezal Che Azemin
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2013 12:31
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2013 12:31
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/33330

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