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The effects of stimulus rate and electrode montage on the auditory brainstem response in infants

Dzulkarnain, Ahmad Aidil Arafat and Abdul Hadi, Umi Sarah and Zakaria, Nur 'Azzah (2013) The effects of stimulus rate and electrode montage on the auditory brainstem response in infants. Speech, Language and Hearing, 16 (4). pp. 221-226. ISSN 2050-5728

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Abstract

Purpose This study investigates the effects of different stimulus repetition rates and multiple electrode recording montages (ipsilateral, contralateral, horizontal, and vertical) on the auditory brainstem response (ABR) wave V amplitude and latency in infants. Methodology Eleven healthy infants with the mean age of 4.36 ± 1.95 months were involved in this repeated-measure design study. Prior to the actual data collection, several preliminary audiological assessments (otoscopic examination, tympanometry, otoacoustic emission and ABR screening at 35 dB normalized hearing level (dBnHL)) were conducted to ensure that all participants had normal auditory functions. Once qualified, the participants were tested with the ABR using 100-microsecond clicks recorded under the four electrode montages at two stimulus repetition rates (19.1 and 61.1 Hz) and at an intensity level of 35 dBnHL. Results The ABR was shown as present in all participants in all four electrode montages and both stimulus repetition rates. The largest wave V amplitude was recorded in the vertical montage for both stimulus repetition rates. No significant changes (P > 0.05) were noted in the wave V amplitudes in all electrode montages when the stimulus repetition rate was changed from 19.1 to 61.1 Hz. Conclusion This study confirmed that combining the vertical montage with high stimulus repetition rates of 61.1 Hz at 35 dBnHL has the potential for detecting auditory dysfunction in infants, because of the larger and more stable wave V amplitude.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4465/32637
Uncontrolled Keywords: Auditory brainstem response (ABR), Stimulus repetition rate, Electrode montage, Lower intensity level, Infant
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RF Otorhinolaryngology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Audiology and Speech-Language Pathology
Depositing User: Dr Ahmad Aidil Arafat Dzulkarnain
Date Deposited: 04 Dec 2013 14:59
Last Modified: 22 Jul 2014 11:11
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/32637

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