IIUM Repository (IREP)

The effect of pre-operative physiotherapy on the early functional outcome of primary total knee arthroplasty

Ismail, Mohd Shukry and Sharifudin, Mohd Ariff and Ahmad Shokri, Amran (2013) The effect of pre-operative physiotherapy on the early functional outcome of primary total knee arthroplasty. In: Kelantan Research Day, 30 Oct 2013, Rural Transformation Centre (RTC), Terminal Agribisnes Negara (TEMAN), Kota Bharu.

[img] PDF (Kelantan Research Day 2013 - Rehab TKA (Poster)) - Presentation
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (850kB) | Request a copy
[img] PDF (Programme book) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (782kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

Introduction: Physiotherapy is an important part of rehabilitation following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, the significant impact of pre-operative physiotherapy on the functional outcomes of arthroplasty surgery is still debatable. This study evaluated the effect of pre-operative physiotherapy on the early functional outcome of primary TKA. Methodology: A randomized, controlled trial was performed involving 50 patients with primary knee osteoarthritis who underwent unilateral primary TKA at a single tertiary centre. The physiotherapy group (n=24) performed physical therapy exercises for six weeks immediately prior to surgery. Twenty-six patients (n=26) in the non-physiotherapy group performed no pre-operative physiotherapy exercise. Post-operatively, all patients went through similar physiotherapy regime in the rehabilitation period. Assessment was done at three intervals; pre-operation, six weeks and three months post-operatively. The primary outcome measurement tool was the algo-functional Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS). The difference of post-operative range of motion (ROM) of the operated knee was evaluated for both groups of patient. Results: Both groups showed significant difference for all KOOS subscales (p-value <0.001). The mean score difference at six weeks and three months was not significant in Sports and Recreational Activities subscale for both groups (p-value >0.05). The time-group interaction analysis showed significant difference only for Symptoms and Daily Living Activities between groups (p-value <0.05). There was no significant difference with regards to time in Pain, Sport and Recreational Activities and Quality of life between groups (p-value >0.05). The ROM difference was significant within both treatment groups (p-value <0.001). The pre-operative and three months ROM showed no significant difference in both treatment groups (p-value >0.05). Time-group analysis also showed no significant difference of ROM between the two groups (p-value 0.928). Conclusion: A six-week pre-operative physiotherapy has no significant impact on the short-term functional outcomes and ROM of the knee following primary TKA.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 5770/32604
Uncontrolled Keywords: pre-operative physiotherapy, primary total knee arthroplasty
Subjects: R Medicine > RD Surgery > RD701 Orthopedics
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Department of Orthopaedics, Traumatology & Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Dr MOHD ARIFF SHARIFUDIN
Date Deposited: 08 Nov 2013 11:55
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2013 11:55
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/32604

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year