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Needs and Wants Theory: A comparison between Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and Maqasid al Shariah

Abdul Razak, Dzuljastri and Ab. Hamid, Siti Ngayesah and Ya'kob, Siti Aisyah (2013) Needs and Wants Theory: A comparison between Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and Maqasid al Shariah. In: The 10th Asian Academy of Management, 23-25th August 2013, Bayview Beach Resort, Penang.

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Abstract

Maslow's hierarchy of needs can be categorized under five levels namely physiological, safety, social, self-esteem and self-actualization. In contrast, needs level under Maqasid al-Shariah are categorized under three levels namely essentials (daruriyyah), complementary (hajiyyah) and embellishment (tahsiniyyah). This paper attempts to compare the differences between the conventional and Islamic need theories towards satisfaction of human needs and wants. The observations indicate both Maslow and Maqasid al-Shariah are able to fulfill human needs and wants. However, the achievement by the former is materially driven as there seems to be no limit to the fulfillment of human wants. Whereas the later, takes into consideration justice, spiritual dimension and the concern for public interest (maslahah). Keywords: Needs, wants, Maslow, Maqasid al-Shariah and public interest.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Full Paper)
Additional Information: 4433/31639
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > H71 General works
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences > Department of Finance
Depositing User: Dr Dzuljastri Abdul Razak
Date Deposited: 03 Oct 2013 11:31
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2013 11:32
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/31639

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