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Neurotisation In Extended Brachial Plexus Injury: Spinal Acessory Nerve (SAN) to Suprascapular Nerve (SSN) and Anterior Interosseous Nerve (AIN) branch to Pronator Quadratus (PQ) to Radial Branch Of Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis (ECRB) a case report

Abot, Muhammad Syukree and Ismail, Raffael and Khalid, Kamarul Ariffin and Mohd Shariff, Mohd Yusuf (2018) Neurotisation In Extended Brachial Plexus Injury: Spinal Acessory Nerve (SAN) to Suprascapular Nerve (SSN) and Anterior Interosseous Nerve (AIN) branch to Pronator Quadratus (PQ) to Radial Branch Of Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis (ECRB) a case report. Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal, 12 (Supplement A). p. 1. ISSN 1985-2533

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Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Active wrist extension initiates most functions of the hand. Extended brachial plexus injury usually has loss of wrist extension. We report a case with extended brachial plexus injury (BPI) treated with SAN to SSN and AIN branch to pronator quadratus to radial branch of ECRB nerve transfer. MATERIALS & METHODS: A 26 year-old gentleman involved in road traffic accident resulted in a flail left upper limb. Nerve conduction studies showing evidence of left pan-plexus injury. Over 8 months he recovered lower trunk function and was planned for nerve transfer surgery for shoulder abduction and wrist extension. The SAN to SSN transfers were performed where two branches of SAN to the upper trapezius were preserved and stimulated to confirm function. The nerve was divided below these branches and coaptate to SSN. The AIN was sectioned 3–4 cm proximal to PQ and coaptation to ECRB motor branch performed before the first division of motor branch to ECRB. RESULTS: 6 months post-surgery, wrist extension has improved from MRC grade 0 to 4 and shoulder abduction from 0 to 3 post surgery with no deficit of wrist pronation. Figure 1: Nerve coaptation performed. Left: SAN to SSN. Right: AIN Branch to PQ to Radial Branch of ECRB. DISCUSSION: Nerve transfers are superior to tendon transfers as they do not require immobilization, reinnervate native muscles prior degeneration of motor endplates, gives synergistic effect to the desired function, avoid tenodesis effect and result in minimal donor deficit. Neurotisation for shoulder function is common but for wrist extension is relatively new in Malaysia and provides a better outcome and more natural movement for the hand than tendon transfers. CONCLUSION: Neurotisation of ECRB by the AIN branch provides an option to reanimation of wrist extension.

Item Type: Article (Meeting Abstract)
Additional Information: 5697/31360
Uncontrolled Keywords: Neurotisation In Extended Brachial Plexus Injury: Spinal Acessory Nerve (SAN), Suprascapular Nerve (SSN), Anterior Interosseous Nerve (AIN), Radial Branch Of Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis (ECRB)
Subjects: R Medicine > RD Surgery > RD701 Orthopedics
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Department of Orthopaedics, Traumatology & Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Dr Raffael Ismail
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2018 16:24
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2018 16:24
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/31360

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