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Water availability and policies in Asia

Mustafa, Maizatun (2010) Water availability and policies in Asia. In: Global warming and climate change: prospects and policies in Asia and Europe. Energy, Climate and the Environment Series . Palgrave Macmillan, United Kingdom, pp. 35-57. ISBN 9780230237111

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Abstract

Water availability is becoming an increasingly crucial issue for Asia. With the rise in the region’s water usage, the demand for water is also increasing substantially. Many countries in Asia are beginning to experience moderate to severe water shortages, brought on by the simultaneous effects of various factors including agricultural growth, population expansion and environmental pollution. Global phenomena such as climate change also contribute towards water availability issues. In recent years, evidence indicates that water is becoming increasingly affected by erratic weather patterns, as has already happened to countries such as Indonesia and China, which have experienced droughts and, inevitably, food shortages. Climate change and population growth also affected water availability in south Asian countries such as India and Bangladesh. Other Asian countries, such as Singapore, face water issues in a different way, Singapore having limited availability of water resources and being highly dependent on Malaysia for its water supplies. The current concern is that continuously diminishing and degraded available freshwater not only leads to national issues within countries in Asia, but could cause possible interstate disputes and international instability. In this chapter, issues directly concerned with water availability in Asia will be discussed together with the discussion of factors that may influence such availability. The chapter will then highlight policy reforms undertaken by Asian countries to resolve conflicts, secure access and enhance water availability.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: 1653/3115
Uncontrolled Keywords: Asia, water availablity, water law, water policies
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
K Law > K Law (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Ahmad Ibrahim Kulliyyah of Laws > Department of Legal Practice
Depositing User: Dr. Maizatun Mustafa
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2011 11:04
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2011 04:37
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/3115

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