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Wage rate and employment in the manufacturing sector of Malaysia

Yusoff, Mohammed (2013) Wage rate and employment in the manufacturing sector of Malaysia. In: 7th Global Business & Social Science Research Conference, 13-14 June 2013, Beijing, China. (Unpublished)

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This paper examines the importance of Malaysian manufacturing industries to the domestic economy and then estimates the demand for labor as a function of wage rate, output, and capital. The study uses the survey data of firms categorized according to the 3-digit Malaysian Standard Industrial Classification. The manufacturing sector has been contributing significantly to the Malaysia’s economy in terms of its contribution to GDP, employment, and exports. The OLS results suggest that wage rate, output or production, and capital are all important determinants of labor employment in the manufacturing sector in Malaysia. Although their elasticities with respect to employment of labor are all inelastic, the demand for labor is relative more responsive to the changes in the output and capital than the wage rate. Therefore implementing policies to encourage capital accumulation and overall economic growth are indeed helpful to boost employment in the manufacturing sector. Malaysia’s manufacturing output are mostly exported to foreign countries. This study indicates that the wage rate is an important determinant of labor demand in the manufacturing sector. Malaysia therefore has to manage it wage structure carefully such that the increase in wage rate must be in line with the increase in labor productivity. Otherwise Malaysian exports of manufactures will not be competitive in the world market and this will adversely affect the performance of Malaysian economy since Malaysia has been an export-oriented country in which exports have been the engine of growth.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Full Paper)
Additional Information: 4178/30533
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences > Department of Economics
Depositing User: Professor Mohammed Yusoff
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2013 09:17
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2013 09:17
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/30533

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