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Macro mobility scheme in NEMO to support seamless handoff

Islam, Shayla and Hassan Abdalla Hashim, Aisha and Khalifa, Othman Omran and Mahmoud, Omer and Saeed, Rashid A. (2012) Macro mobility scheme in NEMO to support seamless handoff. In: International Conference on Computer and Communication Engineering (ICCCE 2012), 3-5 July 2012, Seri Pacific Hotel Kuala Lumpur.

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Abstract

In order for the mobile networks to stay connected to the Internet, Network Mobility (NEMO) is involved with the management of the different types of movements by mobile routers during rapid changes of the Point of Attachment (PoA). Accordingly to achieve seamless handoff with lower delay and packet loss in NEMO environment, it is very important to get better performance of mobility management protocol. As the main idea of Network Mobility Basic Support Protocol (NEMO BSP) is to create bi-directional tunnel between the Serving Mobile Routers (SMR) with its Home Agent (HA) and perform the handoff after complete layer 2 switching. Therefore, it should limit frequent registrations of Mobile Network Nodes (MNNs) with their HAs. Furthermore, creating bi-directional tunnel between MR and its HA for all communications makes sub-optimal problem, in which all the packets are tunneled and encapsulated via HA of the Serving MR. This increases handoff delay, packet loss and disconnections probability. To overcome handoff related problems, the Fast Hierarchical Mobile IPv6 (FHMIPv6) works as a solution for host mobility. However, in nested NEMO environment applying improved FHMIPv6 mechanism is a challenging task since consideration has to be given to both MR and its MNNs as well. This paper proposed macro mobility scheme in order to achieve seamless handoff through modification of signaling messages. Additionally, location update cost is calculated and compared with NEMO BSP via analytical approach. The analytical result shows that the location update cost for the proposed scheme is about 69 % less than that of NEMO-BSP.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Additional Information: 2523/29173 doi: 10.1109/ICCCE.2012.6271186 Print ISBN: 978-1-4673-0478-8
Uncontrolled Keywords: FHMIPv6 , Macro Mobility , Mobile Networks Nodes , NEMO BSP , Seamless handoff , Serving MR
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7800 Electronics. Computer engineering. Computer hardware. Photoelectronic devices > TK7885 Computer engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Depositing User: Nur' Aini Abu Bakar
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2013 08:55
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2017 11:52
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/29173

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