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Biodegradability analysis of KBF reinforced poly(lactic acid) biocomposites

Othman, Maizatulnisa and Ibrahim, Nor Azowa and Ruzaidi, Che Mohd and Mohd Nazarudin, Zakaria and Halim, Zahurin (2012) Biodegradability analysis of KBF reinforced poly(lactic acid) biocomposites. Advanced Materials Research, 576. pp. 434-437. ISSN 1022-6680

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Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) and kenaf bast fiber (KBF) were melt-blended using brabender into films in the PLA/KBF ratios of 100/0, 90/10, 70/30 and 50/50 for natural soil burial test. This formulation was used to study the biodegradability of PLA and PLA/KBF biocomposites. It was found that the decompositions of the biocomposite were faster than pure PLA. The SEM morphology of the tensile fracture surface of the 30% and 50% of PLA/KBF biocomposites presented larger pores and degradation areas than smaller KBF loading (10 wt%). This result shows that the addition of larger fibre loading to the PLA matrix increased the micropore surface area of the PLA/KBF biocomposite hence accelerated the decompositions time of the biocomposites.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6759/28858
Uncontrolled Keywords: polylactic acid, kenaf fiber, biodegradable properties, biocomposites
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA401 Materials of engineering and construction
T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS200 Metal manufactures. Metalworking
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Zahurin Halim
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2013 15:50
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2016 16:00
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/28858

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