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Population-based studies highlighting the prevalence of sleep-related disorders in adults with respect to ethnicity

Mohamad Noor, Zaswiza and Smith, Alesha and Nissen, Lisa M. (2011) Population-based studies highlighting the prevalence of sleep-related disorders in adults with respect to ethnicity. In: Australasian Pharmaceutical Science Association (APSA) Annual Conference 2011, 11-14 Dec 2011, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia.

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Abstract

Introduction: To eliminate disparities in health outcomes due to sleep disorders there is a need to not only focus on social and environmental factors, but also possible biological or genetic differences. This paper highlights studies investigating ethnic prevalence of certain sleep-related disorders in different populations. Methods: Recent studies focusing on ethnic differences in sleep-related disorders representing three different regions were selected. Results: A total of eight papers were reviewed; New Zealand (3), USA (3) and Singapore (2). Studies showed that there were significant differences between ethnic populations in certain sleep-related disorders. In New Zealand, studies showed Maori and Pacific Islanders have higher prevalence and were at higher risk for sleep-related disorders compared to Caucasians and Asians. In the USA, African-Americans showed higher prevalence for sleep-related disorders compared to Caucasians and Hispanics. As for Singapore, the studies compared three major ethnicities in South East Asia; Chinese, Indians and Malays. Studies showed that Chinese have the lowest prevalence and the lowest risk for sleep-related disorder compared to Indians and Malays. Conclusions: Differences in prevalence of sleep-related disorders with respect to ethnicity have implications in the development of treatment and services. There is a need for more consistent and reliable ethnic data for sleep-related disorders to enable the development and implementation of effective prevention, intervention and treatment.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 5494/28400
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmacy Practice
Depositing User: DR ZASWIZA BINTI MOHAMAD NOOR
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2014 10:22
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2014 10:22
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/28400

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