IIUM Repository

Optimization and modeling of extraction of solid coconut waste oil

Sulaiman, Sarina and Abdul Raman, Abdul Aziz and Aroua, Mohamed Kheireddine (2013) Optimization and modeling of extraction of solid coconut waste oil. Journal of Food Engineering, 114 (2). pp. 228-234. ISSN 0260-8774

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (521kB) | Request a copy


Solid coconut waste was produced after coconut milk extraction process and may still contain up to 24 wt.% oil content. In this work, extraction of oil from coconut waste using batch and soxhlet extractor was studied. Effect of particle size diameter, type of solvent and solvent to solid ratio on the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters; entropy, enthalpy and free energy of extraction were investigated. The maximum oil yields for soxhlet and batch reactor were 23.6% at 80 �C and 21.9% at 65 �C, respectively for particle size diameter <0.5 mm when hexane was used as solvent. The kinetic of coconut waste oil extraction was found to be a first order mass transfer model. The DG, DS and DH values were 10.94–13.35 kJ/mol, 33.10–39.57 J/mol K and 0.12–1.25 kJ/mol, respectively shows that the extraction process was spontaneous, irreversible and endothermic based on thermodynamic parameters.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6797/27059
Uncontrolled Keywords: Coconutwaste; Optimization; Mass transfer; Batch extraction; Soxhlet extraction
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Sarina Sulaiman
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2012 09:21
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2012 09:21
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/27059

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year