IIUM Repository

Study of falling film evaporation process in a vapor compression desalination system

Bahar, Rubina and Hawlader, Mohammad Nurul Alam (2012) Study of falling film evaporation process in a vapor compression desalination system. Desalination and Water Treatment, 39 (1-3). pp. 21-32. ISSN 1944-3994 (O), 1944-3986 (P)

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (2MB) | Request a copy


An analysis of falling fi lm evaporation of saltwater has been carried out for a vapor compression desalination pilot plant. Detailed modeling and simulation have been used to fi nd the temperature and concentration variation inside the fi lm on a vertical tube evaporator. The heat and mass transfer phenomenon were analyzed using basic conservation equations. To evaluate the performance of the rig, three operating variables were considered, which included the top brine temperature (TBT), compressor speed and brine concentration. Performance of the rig was dominated by compressor speed and top brine temperature. The highest distillate production rate experimentally obtained was 20 kg/h for the compressor speed of 2400 rpm at a TBT of 102oC. From the simulation, it was found that the feed concentration rapidly increased near the falling fi lm-vapor interface. The numerical results have been compared with the experimental values in terms of distillate produced, and good agreement was found.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6548/26684
Uncontrolled Keywords: Vapor compression desalination, Falling film evaporation, Concentration profile, Temperature profile, Vertical tube evaporator
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General) > T175 Industrial research. Research and development
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Prof Mohammad Nurul Alam / M N A Hawlader
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2012 12:22
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2014 15:21
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/26684

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year