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Thermal properties of PLA/kenaf green nanocomposite: Effect of chemi-mechanical treatment

Wan Jaafar, Wan Nor Raihan and Surip, S. N. and Azmi, Nur Naziha and Bonnia, N. N. and Anuar, Hazleen and H. Noor, Azlina and Abd. Razak, S. B. (2012) Thermal properties of PLA/kenaf green nanocomposite: Effect of chemi-mechanical treatment. Advanced Materials Research, 576. pp. 342-344. ISSN 1662-8985

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This study was conducted to produce green composite from kenaf with better thermal properties. Kenaf fibre was successfully prepared by chemi-mechanical method. Kenaf fibre was firstly treated with sodium hydroxide (NaOH) at 6% w/w followed by acidic treatment with different concentrations (0.5M, 1.0M and 1.5M). The PLA/kenaf nanofibre composites were referred as KC0.5, KC1.0 and KC1.5 according to acid concentration used. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was done to investigate thermal properties of the composites. The glass transition, crystallization and melting temperature shows similar trend where 1.0M treated fibre composites gives better thermal properties than 0.5M and 1.5M treated fibre composites. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) micrographs suggested the nanofibre dispersion in mixed-pattern; exfoliation and small agglomeration.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4130/26580
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chemi-mechanical; Crystallization; Green composite; Kenaf fibre; Nano fibre
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS800 Wood technology. Lumber. Wood products. Furniture. Chemical processing of wood
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Hazleen Anuar
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2013 10:41
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2013 10:41
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/26580

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