IIUM Repository

An Investigation on the Audit Committees Effectiveness: The Case for GLCs in Malaysia

Jamil, Nurul Nazlia and Puat Nelson, Sherliza (2011) An Investigation on the Audit Committees Effectiveness: The Case for GLCs in Malaysia. Gajah Mada International Journal of Business, 13 (3). pp. 287-305. ISSN 1411-1128

[img] PDF (accepted) - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (221kB) | Request a copy
[img] PDF (confirmation letter)
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (21kB) | Request a copy
[img] PDF (updated full paper) - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (697kB) | Request a copy


Financial reporting quality has been under scrutiny especially after the collapse of major companies. The main objective of this study is to investigate the audit committee’s effectiveness on the financial reporting quality among the Malaysian GLCs following the transformation program. In particular, the study examined the impact of audit committee characteristics (independence, size, frequency of meeting and financial expertise) on earnings management in periods prior to and following the transformation program (2003-2009). As of 31 December 2010, there were 33 public-listed companies categorized as Government-Linked Companies (GLC Transformation Policy, 2010) and there were 20 firms that have complete data that resulted in the total number of firm-year observations to 120 for six years (years 2003-2009). Results show that the magnitude of earnings management as proxy of financial reporting quality is influenced by the audit committee independence. However, no evidence was found to support the effect of audit committee size, meetings and expertise on the magnitude of earnings management. Agency theory was applied to explain audit committee, as a monitoring mechanism as well as reducing agency costs via gaining competitive advantage in knowledge, skills, and expertise towards financial reporting quality. However, contrary to expectation, the theory was not fully supported hence there is a need for an alternative theory that can explain the relationship further. This study is different from prior studies, in that it makes a significant contribution towards enhancing one’s knowledge in the interacting role of audit committees effectiveness and financial reporting quality subsequent to the transformation program in GLCs. The study is important as it provides additional knowledge about the impact of audit committees effectiveness on reducing the earnings management, and assist practitioners, policymakers and regulators such as Malaysian Institute of Accountants, Securities Commission and government to determine ways to enhance audit committees effectiveness and improve the financial reporting of GLCs, as well as improving the quality of the accounting profession.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3486/26056
Uncontrolled Keywords: audit committees; earnings management; GLCs transformation program; financial reporting, audit investigation, Malaysia,
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > H96 Public policy (General), Policy sciences
H Social Sciences > HG Finance > HG4001 Financial management. Business finance. Corporation finance.
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology > HM711 Groups and organizations
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences > Department of Accounting
Depositing User: Sherliza Puat Nelson
Date Deposited: 17 Oct 2012 11:43
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2015 08:18
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/26056

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year