IIUM Repository (IREP)

A highly efficient activated carbon by chemical activation method for adsorption of paraquat (toxin)

Rahman, Md. Mokhlesur (2012) A highly efficient activated carbon by chemical activation method for adsorption of paraquat (toxin). In: AMPT2012 - The 15th International Conference on Advances in Materials and Procressing Technologies, 23 - 26 Sep 2012, Novotel Hotel, Wollongong, Northbeach, Sydney. (In Press)

[img] PDF - Presentation
Restricted to Repository staff only until 31 December 2016.

Download (171kB) | Request a copy

Abstract

The ambient condition for preparing the highly efficient activated carbon has been investigated in this work. The effects of different activation temperatures on the pore structure and surface morphology of highly efficient activated carbon (AC) derived from waste palm shell by chemical activation method using phosphoric acid as activating agent were studied. For activation, different activation temperatures in the range of 5500C-6500C were carried out. Activated carbon with well developed pore size were produced at activation temperature of 6000C for 2 hours. At this temperature the Brunauer , Emmett and Teller (BET) surface areas are 1280 m2g-1, the total pore volume for adsorption and desorption are 0.871767cm3 g-1. Scanning Electron Microscope also confirmed the porosity of the highly efficient activated carbon. Finally it was tested in vitro to determine its adsorbing capacity for paraquat as a toxin. For optimum adsorption ability of activated carbon for paraquat, 0.9% NaCl solution is the most suitable solvent. The paraquat preferentially adsorbed onto the activated carbon in NaCl solution. The adsorption ability of the activated carbon (the amount adsorbed) for paraquat observed to be 99.9 mg g-1.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Full Paper)
Additional Information: 5269/26034
Uncontrolled Keywords: ambient condition, highly efficient activated carbon (AC), NaCl Solution, Paraquat, adsorption ability.
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr Mohd Mokhlesur Rahman
Date Deposited: 26 Dec 2012 21:04
Last Modified: 26 Dec 2012 21:05
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/26034

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year