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Seasonal changes effects on the serotonin and melatonin transmission

Abbas, Syed Atif and Khan, Umeed Ali and Helaluddin , Abul Bashar Mohammed (2011) Seasonal changes effects on the serotonin and melatonin transmission. Canadian Journal of Applied Sciences, 1 (2). pp. 1-9. ISSN 1925-7430

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Abstract

Neurotransmission of serotonin and its derivative is said to be effected by changing of season in temperate countries. The effect of photoperiod and temperature can alter the production of serotonin and melatonin in body. The depression in serotonin availability in brain leads to a depressive or bipolar disorder. The activity of tryptophan hydroxylase to synthesis serotonin and monoamine oxidase (MAO) to inactivate serotonin is affected by season change. Calcitriol can stimulate tryptophan hydroxylase to produce serotonin. CREM gene works by memorizing work base on previous memory on how much serotonin will be produce. Melatonin it’s a serotonin derivative act as endocrine because it produce from pineal gland and retina. Melatonin has diurnal circadian pattern. Melatonin production is not decline by increasing in age. Arylalkylamine N-acetyltransferase (AA-NAT) gene is one of the cAMP inducible genes is an enzyme important in production of melatonin. Key words: Serotonin, melotonin transmission, depression, calcitriol

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 2824/25344
Uncontrolled Keywords: Serotonin, melotonin transmission, depression, calcitriol
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy
Depositing User: Dr. A. B. M. Helal Uddin
Date Deposited: 15 Aug 2012 10:01
Last Modified: 19 May 2015 14:28
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/25344

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