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The essential oil of greater galanga (Alpinia galanga) from Malaysia

De Pooter, Herman L and Omar, Muhammad Nor and Coolsaet, Brigitte A and Schamp, Niceas A (1985) The essential oil of greater galanga (Alpinia galanga) from Malaysia. Phytochemistry, 24 (1). pp. 93-96. ISSN 0031-9422

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The essential oil of A. galanga, a common spice in Malaysia, was prepared from fresh and dried rhizomes and analysed by means of capillary GC and GC/MS. Forty components were identified (only three of which were previously reported), accounting for 83-93 % of the oil, depending on its method of preparation. Apart from monoterpenes, monoterpene alcohols and esters, and sesquiterpenes, also methyleugenol, eugenol acetate, chavicol(4-allylphenol) and chavicol acetate were present. This is the first time the latter substance has been reported in nature. Standardization of GC is proposed and tentatively applied towards a more systematic use of the Kovats indices as an aid in the identification of the constituents of essential oils.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5626/24439
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alpinia galanga; Zingiberaceae; greater galanga; aroma volatiles; chavicol acetate; GC; Kováts indices.
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Biotechnology
Depositing User: Prof Dr Muhammad Nor Omar
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2013 09:21
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2013 09:21
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/24439

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