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The study of biodegradable thermoplastics sago starch

Ahmad, Zuraida and Anuar, Hazleen and Yusof, Yusliza (2011) The study of biodegradable thermoplastics sago starch. Key Engineering Materials, 471. pp. 397-402. ISSN 1013-9826

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The motivation of this work is to lessen the dependence on non-degradable plastic packaging which can lead to waste disposal problems. In this paper, the alternative biodegradable material developed by using local available sago starch in the present of biodegradable glycerol as plasticizer, as well as a set of composition added with citric acid as co-plasticizer is reported. Starch was added with 15-30 w/w% of glycerol to prepare workable bioplastics. The samples were characterized by Thermal Gravimetric Analysis (TGA), Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) and tested for mechanical properties. The results reveale that, the tensile strength of the bioplastic is increasing with the increasing of glycerol until the optimum amount of 30 w/w%. The similar trend is also observed upon the addition of the citric acid. The decrease of the strength after the optimum point, however is obvious in the specimens with the addition of citric acid which is about 50% lower than the specimen without citric acid.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3254/2353
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sago starch; Biodegradable; Thermoplastic starch (TPS)
Subjects: T Technology > TS Manufactures > TS195 Packaging
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Hazleen Anuar
Date Deposited: 15 Sep 2011 15:42
Last Modified: 13 May 2013 09:09
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/2353

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