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Dementia : prevalence and risk factors

Akter, Seikh Farid Uddin and Abdul Rani, Mohammed Fauzi and Nordin, Mohamad Sahari and Ab Rahman, Jamalludin and Md Aris, Mohd Aznan and Rathor, Mohammad Yousuf (2012) Dementia : prevalence and risk factors. International Review of Social Sciences and Humanities, 2 (2). pp. 176-184. ISSN 2248-9010 (O), 2250-0715 (P)

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Abstract

The increasing prevalence of dementia already has dramatic effects on lives of millions of people across the regions and on public health costs. There is no cure yet but much can be done to improve the quality of life of people with dementia and the families who care for them. An extensive review of the literature in several pertinent areas of inquiry that may determine and delineate the prevalence, potential risk factors related to dementia was undertaken. The overall prevalence for males and females doubled for every five years increase in age after the age of 65. It is largely a disease of older people, but 2% of those affected were under 65 years of age. Results highlight a number of risk factors associated with dementia. Inter alia, these include physical activities, education, occupation, stress, cholesterol and APOE gene. Dementia is increased in certain population and the trend is on the rise. A number of risk factors associated with dementia are modifiable and may have potential as strategies useful in preventing or delaying dementia among elderly subjects. Further research is needed to determine the validity and strength of associations of risk factors of dementia including ascertainment of its causality.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5187/23187
Uncontrolled Keywords: dementia: prevalence, risk factors, risk scores, elderly people
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Education
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Community Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Internal Medicine
Depositing User: Prof Dr Mohammed Fauzi Abdul Rani
Date Deposited: 08 May 2012 10:13
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2016 10:28
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/23187

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