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The effect of diosgenin and condensed tannin in Musa x paradisiaca flower on rats milk composition and growth rate of suckling pups

Ngah, Nurziana and Mahmood, Azizah and Omar, Muhammad Nor (2012) The effect of diosgenin and condensed tannin in Musa x paradisiaca flower on rats milk composition and growth rate of suckling pups. In: IIUM Research, Invention and Innovation Exhibition (IRIIE) 2012, 21-22 February 2012, CAC IIUM. (Unpublished)

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The presence of secondary compounds has been recognized to have a profound effect upon both the nutritive and feeding value of foods. These effects are beneficial in some instances. In this study, a steroid saponin known as diosgenin and condensed tannin from Musa x paradisiaca flower were evaluated for its potential efficacy in accelerating growth rate of Sprague Dawley suckling pups. Nutrients composition of milk collected from the nursing rats using a modified mechanical device after an injection of oxytoxin were also determined. Pups growth rates (g/day) for all treatments groups were measured as the slope of the regression of y = pup weight versus x = day of lactation. Pups growth rate was significantly improved for the groups treated with the aqueous and diosgenin extract in which the equation are y = 1.871x – 0.271 and y = 1.712x + 2.059, compared to negative control, metochlopramide and tannin which are y = 1.434x + 2.221, y = 1.349x + 3.602 and y = 1.221x + 5.397, respectively. The proximate value in dry weight basis of milk showed that it contains of moisture, fat, protein, ash and carbohydrate of 4.179 – 5.739 %, 36.248 – 45.563 %, 30.323 – 34.293 %, 6.52 - 8.451 % and 10.475 – 16.751 %, respectively. High protein content measured in milk of diosgenin extract group suggests a possible effect of the extract in improving growth rate of the suckling pups.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 5777/21840
Uncontrolled Keywords: diosgenin, condensed tannin, Musa x paradisiaca flower, rats milk composition, suckling pups
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Biotechnology
Depositing User: Dr Nurziana Ngah
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2012 14:25
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2012 15:15
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/21840

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