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An investigation on the audit committee’s effectiveness: the case for GLCs in Malaysia

Puat Nelson, Sherliza and Jamil, Nurul Nazlia (2012) An investigation on the audit committee’s effectiveness: the case for GLCs in Malaysia. In: 2nd Accounting Research and Education Conference 2012, 22-23 February 2012, Universiti Teknologi Mara Malaysia, Shah Alam. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Financial reporting quality has been under scrutiny especially after the collapse of major companies. The main objective of this study is to investigate the audit committee’s effectiveness on the financial reporting quality among the Malaysian GLCs. In particular, the study examined the impact of audit committee characteristics (independence, size, frequency meeting and financial expertise) on earnings management in periods prior to and following the transformation program (2003-2009). As at 31 December 2010, there were 33 public-listed companies categorized as Government-Linked Companies (GLC Transformation Policy, 2010) and there were 20 firms that have complete data which resulted in the total number of firm-year observations to 120 for six years (year 2003-2009). Results show that the magnitude of earnings management as proxy of financial reporting quality is influenced by the audit committee independence. However, no evidence was found to support the effect of audit committee size, meetings and expertise on the magnitude of earnings management. Agency theory and resource dependence theory were applied to explain audit committee, as a monitoring mechanism as well as reducing agency costs via gaining competitive advantage in knowledge, skills, and expertise towards financial reporting quality. However, contrary to expectation, the theories were not fully supported hence there is a need for alternative theory that can explained the relationship further. This study is different from prior studies, in that it makes a significant contribution towards enhancing one’s knowledge in the interacting role of audit committee’s effectiveness and financial reporting quality subsequent to the transformation program in GLCs. The study is important as it provides additional knowledge about the impact of audit committee’s effectiveness on reducing the earnings management, and assist practitioners, policymakers and regulators such as Malaysian Institute of Accountants, Securities Commission and government to determine ways to enhance audit committee’s effectiveness and improve the financial reporting of GLCs, as well as improving the quality of the accounting profession.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Full Paper)
Additional Information: 3486/20437
Uncontrolled Keywords: Audit committees, GLCs transformation program, earnings management, Malaysia
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > H96 Public policy (General), Policy sciences
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences > Department of Accounting
Depositing User: Sherliza Puat Nelson
Date Deposited: 29 Feb 2012 14:41
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2012 19:26
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/20437

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