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Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of bioactive flavonoid from strobilanthes crispus (Pecah kaca)

Md. Salleh, Liza and Abdul Rahman, Russly and Bimakr, Mandana and Selamat, Jinap and A., Rahmat and Sarker, Md. Zaidul Islam and Abdul Hamid, Azizah (2010) Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of bioactive flavonoid from strobilanthes crispus (Pecah kaca). Food and Bioproducts Processing, 88 (2-3). pp. 319-326. ISSN 0960-3085

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The bioactive flavonoid compounds of Strobilanthes crispus (Pecah Kaca) leaves obtained by using supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) extraction were investigated and the obtained crude extract yields were compared in order to select the best operation parameters. Since carbon dioxide is a non-polar solvent, ethanolwas used as co-solvent to increase the polarity of the fluid. The studied parameters were pressure (100, 150 and 200 bar), temperature (40, 50 and 60 ◦C) and dynamic extraction time (40, 60 and 80 min). The optimum extraction condition occurred at 200 bar, 50 ◦C and 60 min. Based on the mean value, pressure had dominant effect on the extraction yield. Apart from the optimum SFE conditions two other conditions namely at minimum (100 bar, 40 ◦C, 40 min) and maximum (200 bar, 60 ◦C, 80 min) levels of each studied parameters as control runs were analyzed by HPLC to determine the major bioactive flavonoid compounds from S. crispus. Under the optimum conditions eight flavonoid compounds were identified; they were (+)-catechin, (−)-epicatechin, rutin, myricetin, luteolin, apigenin, naringenin and kaempferol. © 2009 The Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Keywords: Strobilanthes crispus; Bioactive flavonoid; Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction; HPLC

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6605/18308
Uncontrolled Keywords: Strobilanthescrispus; Bioactiveflavonoid; Supercriticalcarbondioxideextraction; HPLC
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology
R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Technology
Depositing User: Ms. Sahaniza Ibrahim
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2012 14:37
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2012 14:37
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/18308

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