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Phytochemicals constituent and antioxidant activities in Musa x paradisiaca flower

Mahmood, Azizah and Ngah, Nurziana and Omar, Muhammad Nor (2011) Phytochemicals constituent and antioxidant activities in Musa x paradisiaca flower. European Journal of Scientific Research, 66 (2). pp. 311-318. ISSN 1450-216X, 1450-202X

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The objective of this study is to find out qualitatively and quantitatively phytochemical constituents and antioxidant activities in the flower of Musa x paradisiaca extracts. The extracts from various solvents; petroleum ether, chloroform, ethanol and water were investigated for the presence of alkaloid, saponin, glycoside, tannin, flavanoid, terpenoid and steroid. Particular reagents were used to screen phytochemicals in the samples and their presence was indicated by the changes of colour, precipitation or turbidity. Phytochemicals studies on banana flower extracts showed the presence of alkaloids, glycosides, steroids, saponins, tannins, flavanoids and terpenoids. Quantitative analysis by gravimetric method showed that the flower of M. x paradisiaca contains 1.56 ± 0.2 g/100g alkaloid and 1.43 ± 0.14 g/100g saponin. In spectrometric method, the flower also contains 5.83 ± 0.78 g/100g total phenolic, 88.31 ± 4.53 mg/100g tannin and 3.98 ± 0.01 mg/100g flavanoid. DPPH (1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) free radical scavenging assay of ethanol extract demonstrated stronger antioxidant activity than aqueous extract in which the IC50 value were 1.01 ± 0.16 mg/ml and 1.52 ± 0.13 mg/ml, respectively.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5777/12879
Uncontrolled Keywords: Phytochemicals, antioxidant activity, banana flower, Musa x paradisiaca,
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Biotechnology
Depositing User: Ms Rosyidah Taju Rahim
Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2011 16:35
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2011 18:43
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/12879

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