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Stem cell based therapy retards the progression of osteoarthritis and promotes repair of meniscus injury of sheep model knee joint

Alfaqeh, Hamoud Hussein Mohammed and Mohamad Yahaya, Norhamdan and Chen, Hui Cheng and Chua, Kienhui and Saim, Aminuddin and Haji Idrus, Ruszymah (2010) Stem cell based therapy retards the progression of osteoarthritis and promotes repair of meniscus injury of sheep model knee joint. In: Tissue Engineering & Regenerative Medicine International Society 2010 Asia Pacific meeting 15 -17 September 2010. Sheraton on the Park, Sydney, NSW, Australia. , 15-17 Sept 2010, Australia-Sydney.

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Abstract

ABSTRACT The aim of this study to determine if intra-articular injection of autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (ABMSCs) could repair surgically induced osteoarthritis in sheep model. Eighteen male healthy sheep (weighed 18-20kg) were divided into two test groups and one control group. The control groups were not different from the test groups with respect to age and weight, but the test animals underwent a bone marrow aspira- tion for cell preparation in the same time of osteoarthritis induction. ABMSCs were isolated from sheep bone marrow and divided into two groups, namely test group A; ABMSCs cultured in FD medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS), Test group B; ABMSCs were cultured in FD medium supplimented with 1% FBS and 10 ng/ml TGFβ-3 for three weeks. OA was induced by complete excision of the medial meniscus and resection of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Sheep were subjected to exercise for three weeks post OA induction. After 6 weeks post-operation, test groups received direct intra-articular injection of a single dose 10x106 cells suspended in basal medium into injured sheep knee joint. Con- trol animals received basal medium alone. Six weeks post- cel injection, the femoral condyle and the tibial plateau from test and control groups were removed,fixed,photographed, and assessed by two blinded evaluators based on ICRS grading system, decalcified. Specimens were sectioned into 5 µm and stained with H & E and Safranin O. The result demonstrated that Gross observation of femoral condyle and tibia plaetue of the operated knee joint had OA. The severe OA was clearly observed in in control group knee joints. Test group received intra-articular injection of ABMSCs alone showed moderate OA. Interestingly test group B that received intra-articularinjection of TGF-β3 induced ABMSCs showed mild OA. The histological examination showed clear evidence of articular cartilage and menicscus regeneration in test group B of sheep injured knee joint that received TGF-β3 induced ABMSCs when compared with other groups.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Speech/Talk)
Additional Information: 6697/12747
Subjects: Q Science > QP Physiology
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Dentistry
Depositing User: Dr Hamoud Alfaqeh
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2012 10:39
Last Modified: 04 Dec 2015 16:47
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/12747

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