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The performance of Kuala Lumpur’s carbon emissions in the context of urban planning

Zawawi, Nurul Hidayah and Asmawi, M. Zainora and Zen, Irina Safitri (2024) The performance of Kuala Lumpur’s carbon emissions in the context of urban planning. PLANNING MALAYSIA, 22 (1). pp. 334-348. ISSN 1675-6215 E-ISSN 0128-0945

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Cities are responsible for 70% of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions on a global scale, and cities play an important role in reducing GHG emissions. It is essential for Kuala Lumpur to consider reducing the city's GHG emissions. The city's GHG emission inventory can track and monitor the effectiveness of the climate action plans that has been implemented. The aim of this study is to identify the performance level of GHG emissions in Kuala Lumpur between 2010 and 2019. It is also to identify the performance of Kuala Lumpur's GHG emissions in 2019 in comparison to the global and Malaysian level. Data is calculated using the Global Protocol for Community-Scale Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory (GPC), which is recognised and utilised globally. Secondary data for the years 2010 and 2019 was analysed as well as the performance of the Kuala Lumpur GHG emission profile in 2019. With three (3) identified sources of emissions, Kuala Lumpur managed to reduce its GHG emission intensity from 2010 by 74.07% in 2019. The city's GHG emission was recorded at 15,675 ktCO2eq in 2019. The stationary energy sector contributes higher GHG emission than other sector, with 12,043 ktCO2eq (76.83%), followed by the transportation sector with 3,180 ktCO2eq (20.29%) and the waste sector with452 ktCO2eq (2.88%). As of 2019, Kuala Lumpur's absolute carbon contribution to the global average is 0.03%, whereas Malaysia's absolute carbon contribution is 4.74%. Additionally, the city contributes just 0.07 kgCO2eq/RM (30.17%) to Malaysia's total GHG emission intensity.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Carbon Emission, Greenhouse Gas Emission, Gross Domestic Product, Greenhouse Gas Intensity, Kuala Lumpur
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design > Department of Urban & Regional Planning
Depositing User: Dr MZainora Asmawi
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2024 09:34
Last Modified: 15 May 2024 11:45
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/111362

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